Population (2006) : 624 000
Area : 13 812 km²
Montenegro is located in the south of the Adriatic and borders Croatia to the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest, Serbia to the northeast and Albania to the southeast. A Serbian principality in the late Middle Ages, its independence from the Ottoman Empire was formally recognised in 1878. Since 1918, Montenegro was later a part of various incarnations of Yugoslavia and the state union of Serbia and Montenegro.